Business Ethics in The Modern Era
The application of business ethics in an organization that aims to earn profits by collecting funds from the community is an issue that is often studied in depth. Theoretically, the application of ethics is something that is easy to do and apply.
Business ethics is a way to conduct business activities, which covers all aspects related to individuals, companies and also society. Business Ethics (also known as corporate ethics) is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that studies ethical and moral principles or ethical issues that arise in the business environment (source: Wikipedia). This applies to all aspects of business behavior and is relevant to the behavior of individuals and business organizations as a whole. Applied Ethics is a field of ethics that deals with ethical questions in various fields such as medicine, engineering, law, and business ethics. Business ethics can be a discipline both normative and descriptive. As a corporate practice and career specialization, this field is mainly normative.
One form of applied business ethics is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a concept that organizations, especially companies, have a responsibility towards consumers, employees, shareholders, communities and the environment in all aspects of the company’s operations (source: Wikipedia ) CSR is closely related to “sustainable development”, where there is an argument that a company in carrying out its activities must base its decisions not only on financial factors, such as profits or dividends but must also be based on social and environmental consequences for now and for the long term.
ISSUES IN BUSINESS ETHICS
Issues in business ethics include the following.
1. If the company’s main goal is to maximize profits for shareholders, the company must ethically also consider the interests and rights of others.
2. Corporate social responsibility or CSR, a general term in which the ethical rights and obligations that exist between the company and society are debated.
3.Is the moral rights and duties between the company and its shareholders: the concept of stakeholders or the concept of shareholders.
4. Ethical issues about relationships between different companies, for example, mutual hostility such as price war, industrial espionage, etc.
5. Leadership Problems: corporate governance and corporate social business.
6. Political contributions made by the company.
7. Reforming the law, such as ethical debates introducing corporate lethal crimes.
8. Misuse of company ethics policies as marketing instruments.
Ethics in Business
If moral is something that encourages people to do good, ethics act as signs (sign) which is a voluntary agreement of all members of a group. A moral business world will be able to develop ethics (standards/signs) that guarantee business activities that are balanced, harmonious and harmonious. Ethics assigns in a community group will be able to guide and remind members of a good conduct that must always be obeyed and implemented. Ethics in business certainly must be agreed upon by people in business groups and other related groups.
In creating business ethics, there are several things that need to be considered, including:
1. Self-control This means that business people and related parties are able to control themselves to get nothing from anyone and in any form. In addition, business people themselves do not benefit by playing a fraud and pressuring others and using profits by cheating and pressuring other parties and using these benefits even though the benefits are the rights of business people, but their use must also pay attention to the conditions of the surrounding community. This is “ethical” business ethics.
2. Development of social responsibility. Business people here are required to care about the condition of society, not only in the form of “money” by making donations but more complex. This means that as an example of the opportunity owned by business people to sell at a high price level when the occurrence of excess demand must be a concern and concern for business people by not taking advantage of this opportunity to reap multiple profits. So, in the state of excess demand business, people must be able to develop and manifest responsibility towards the surrounding community.